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Shukhaev Vasily Ivanovich
Painter, graphic artist, scene-designer  Vasily Shukhaev was born to peasant family. He became an orphan at an early age. But due to the little inheritance of his grandfather, he entered the class of embossing at the Stroganov School of Industrial Art in 1897. He studied under the guidance of I. I. Nivinsky, S.-V. Noakovsky, and K. A. Korovin. In 1906 he graduated from the School with the title of master of drawing. In the same year he moved to St. Petersburg. After study at the private studios of S. M. Dudin, N. N. Gerardov, V. I. Bystrenin and A. D. Skalon, Shukhaev entered the Academy of Fine Arts. He studied under D. N. Kardovsky, V. E. Savinsky, G. R. Zaleman, and I. F. Tsionglinsky. He became good friends with A. E. Yakovlev. Temperament and art manner of these two artists were very similar, sometimes even indistinguishable. In 1911–1912 Shukhaev was awarded a two-year pensioner trip to Italy for the painting Bacchanalia by the Society for the encouragement of young artists in Rome. In 1913–1914 he together with Yakovlev (pensioner of the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts) traveled through the cities of Italy.  After declaration of the World War I, Shukhaev returned to Petrograd. He drew a lot of portrait sketches in sanguine for the big group portrait of the officers of the Uhlan Life Guard regiment (Regiment at the positions). In 1915 he exposed his works at the exhibition of the New Society of Artists. Since 1917 Shukhaev was a member of the group Mir Iskusstva (“World of Art”). Later he began to paint in monumental style. Shukhaev together with Yakovlev created plafond Nine muses in the estate of Firsanov in Moscow. At the suggestion of A. V. Shchusev, Shukhaev worked on the murals of the orthodox Saint Nikolay church in Bari, and the waiting room of the Kazan railway station in Moscow (not realized).  Since autumn of 1915 Shukhaev taught in the New Art workshop in St. Petersburg, since 1916 — at the architecture courses of Bagaeva in Petrograd. In 1918 he lectured at Petrograd State Free Art Studios. He drew scene and costume designs to the opera Das Rheingold (“The Rhine Gold”) by R. Wagner for the People’s House in Petrograd, scene and costume designs to the comedy Four lady-killers by K. Miklashevsky for the Maly Drama Theatre in Petrograd (the production was not realized). Shukhaev took part in the festive decoration of the city of Petrograd to the first anniversary of the October revolution.  In 1920–1921 Shukhaev visited Finland and France. In 1922 he together with Yakovlev exposed his works in the gallery Barbazange in Paris. Works by Shukhaev also were exposed at the exhibitions in Rome (1924), Pittsburgh (1925–1927), Dresden, Munich (1926), New York (1926, 1928) and in Moscow in the Russian section of the exhibition of modern French art.  Since 1922 Shukhaev lived in Paris. In 1924 he participated in the exhibition of the Russian art in New York. In 1924–1925 he designed performances of the N. F. Baliev cabaret theatre Die Fledermaus (“The Bat”). Due to scene and costume designs of Shukhaev, Baliev’s cabaret theatre was a great success in Paris, London and New York. Shukhaev lectured in the Russian Art Academy of T. L. Sukhotina-Tolstaya and in his studio in Montparnasse.  In 1920s Shukhaev worked as a portrait-painter, designer, book illustrator, monumental artist. He painted murals of the cabaret and restaurant Russian House in Paris. In 1928–1929 he traveled to the South of France and to Corsica, in 1930s — to Spain and Morocco. In 1932 he drew a series of caricature for the magazine Vanity Fair.  In February 1935 Shukhaev returned to the USSR, lived in Leningrad. He lectured at the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture of the Russia Academy of Fine Arts. In 1936 big retrospective exhibitions of Shukhaev’s works were held in Leningrad and then in Moscow.  In 1937 Shukhaev was arrested and exiled to Magadan. There he worked on the design of performances and concerts for the Musical Drama Thatre. In 1947 Shukhaev was dismissed. He settled in Tbilisi, worked as a professor of drawing department in the Tbilisi Academy of Fine Arts. In 1962 he was conferred the title of the Honored Art worker of the Georgian Soviet Socialistic Republic.  Personal exhibitions of Shukhaev’s works were organized in Tbilisi (1954, 1962, 1971), in Moscow (1958), and in Leningrad (1962–1963, 1968, 1988).  Vasily Shukhaev, as well as his friend and colleague A. Yakovlev, was a significant representative of neoclassicism style in the Russian art. First of all he was famous as a talented graphic artist. His sanguine drawings were very expressive. Shukhaev tried to draw similar to the Old Masters. He often intentionally left visible the process of the work: he corrected details of drawing by finger, he outlined contours, and he sharpened sanguine on the surface of paper. He tried to produce an impression of first draft, however a lot of his works looked completed. Shukhaev’s individual manner of painting was formed in 1910s, did not change during artist’s life; this fact made difficult dating of his drawings. Late works of Tbilisi period were characterized by completed composition, careful work on details. There is a problem in determination and dating of not signed graphic works by Shukhaev and Yakovlev.  Works by Vasily Shukhaev are in the collections of the State Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow, the State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg, Luxembourg Museum in Paris, and Brooklyn Museum in New York. Great part of Shukhaev’s works of Paris period is in the West European and American collections.
Pine
Year: 1957
Genre: Painting
Technique: Холст, темпера
Size: 65х92
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