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Rodchenko Alexander Mikhailovich
painter, graphic artist, designer, set designer, photographer. born in a family of theatrical props. In 1910-1914 he studied at the Kazan Art School in N. Feshin. In 1914 he moved to Moscow. He married VF Stepanova. He continued his studies at the Stroganov School of Industrial Art. During these years, carried away stylistically modern, devised decorative vignettes. But already in 1915 created the graphic compositions using the drawing tools - a compass and ruler. I got carried away collage. In 1916, together with LS Popova, VE Tatlin, AA Exter took part in a futuristic exhibition "shop" in Moscow. In 1917, together with Tatlin and GB Yakulov designed the cafe Pittoresk "at the Kuznetsk bridge: created project lighting. In 1918-1920 he worked on the spatial structures. Since 1918 he worked in the department of Fine Arts Narcompros, in 1918-1926 he taught at the Moscow School Proletkult. Since 1920 - Member of the Presidium INKhuK. Rodchenko - one of the organizers of the production department VKhUTEMAS, then VHUTEINa. It was in these institutions dean of metal separation. In 1920 he worked with VV Mayakovsky in posters and books. In 1921 exhibited his works at the exhibition "5 x 5 = 25". In 1925 participated in the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris where he exhibited equipment working of the club and was awarded four silver medals. Since the early 1920's he worked for the theater. In 1920, created the costumes for an unrealized productions AM Ghana "We". In 1929, designed the play "The Bedbug" by Vladimir Mayakovsky's play in the Meyerhold Theater. In 1931 - the play "The Sixth World" for the Moscow Music Hall. Collaborated in the journals "LEF" (1923-1925) and "New Lef" (1927-1928), which published some of his articles and photos. Actively engaged in photography Rodchenko began with the late 1920's. In 1930 joined the group "October", which included GG Klutsis and El Lissitzky. In the 1930 - 1940, during the hegemony of socialist realism, has been repeatedly attacked. Since 1935, together with Stepanova decorated photo albums and journals published by Izogiz. In the early 1940's, he painted in the spirit of abstract expressionism. In 1962 the Literary Museum in Moscow held a retrospective exhibition of works by the artist. Rodchenko's brilliant representatives of the innovative direction of the 1920's. In his work he sought to combine technical problems with the art, to rethink the role of poster and advertising. Artistic evolution Rodchenko was multifaceted and absorbed early symbolist work of 1913, graphic works, executed in 1915 by ruler and compass, an abstract painting of the second half of 1910-s - early 1920's, hung construction 1918-1921, photographic work 1920 -- x - 1930. Painting Rodchenko, despite its undoubted innovation, still relied various sources: Suprematism Kazimir Malevich and architectural painting LS Popova. The real culmination of the artist's career began experimenting with three dimensions - suspended construction. In general, painting, graphic and spatial objects Rodchenko always been very into technology method. Any of his work - a kind of laboratory for artistic experiment. significant place in the work of Rodchenko took the picture, in which he also acted as an innovator. Although the first fotoopyty were traditional, precisely because the viewer knows they face many famous people of that time: Mayakovsky, Osip and Lili Brik, Kudeshova, Aseeva. Later he was the first photographic images of the frontal refused and began to "play"-angle snapshots, forcing the viewer to take a fresh look at the familiar everyday world. But this quest for an independent visual language does not interfere with Rodchenko's photographs capture pomposity athletic parades and the vanishing beauty of old Moscow area, allowing in each frame to embody the true spirit of the time. Rodchenko works are in many museums: GMII im. Pushkin, the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne and others.
Year: 1921-1924
Genre: Graphics
Technique: Бумага, гуашь, тушь
Size: 17.7х14.3
Price on request
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