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Dobrokovsky Mechislav Vasilievich
May 25 (June 7), 1895 (Vidzy, Petrovsk province) — July 1, 1938 (Moscow)  Graphic artist, book and magazine illustrator, painter, poster artist  Dobrokovsky studied at Peterhof gymnasium of the Emperor Alexander II, graduated from the Admiralty warrant officer school; he was awarded the St. George medal of the 4th degree. He studied at the Military Medical Academy (until 1915); he was interested in painting and poetry of V. Mayakovsky, in early 1910s — in English seascape painting, but later he renounced classic forms and took a great interest in futurism. Dobrokovsky was called up for military service, and as a midshipman served at the Baltic Sea. In 1917–1918 he campaigned famous The Ice March from Helsingfors (now — Helsinki) to Petrograd.  Until 1917 Dobrokovsky lived in Helsingfors. In 1921 he worked as a journalist in Persia (now — Iran) in the city Resht, published his drawings and caricatures in newspapers, collaborated with the local paper Red Iran and the magazine Sailor. He became friends with the Russian poet V. Khlebnikov and tried to translate his poetry into the figurative language.  In the autumn of 1921, Dobrokovsky together with the disbanded Persian Red army moved to Vladikavkaz, where he painted a lot from life. He worked for the newspaper Gorskaya Pravda (“Highland Truth”) and the magazine Gorskaya Mysl (“Highland Thought”) and designed the feature story by A. Kosterin In the Caucasus Mountains 1917–1920.  In the spring of 1922, Dobrokovsky moved to Moscow, where he continued to work as an artist for newspapers and magazines; his drawings were published in the newspaper Krasny Voin (“Red Warrior”, 1922–1923) and the magazine Yuny Kommunist (“Young Communist”).  Dobrokovsky studied at the Higher State Artistic and Technical Workshops (VKhUTEMAS) in Moscow (1923–1924) and in early 1930s — at Leningrad Institute of Proletarian Visual Arts (INPII).  Dobrokovsky was a member of the Society of Easel Artists (OST, 1925–1927), participated in the 1st and the 3rd exhibitions of this society. He was the founder member of the association Oktyabr (“October”, 1928–1930).  Dobrokovsky designed and illustrated books Scarlet oil by A. Kosterin (1923, Molodaya Gvardia publishing house), Miracle Fish by N. I. Komkolov (1928), Forest Lake by N. P. Plavilshikov (1929) and etc.  He also designed covers for the magazines Dayesh (“Let there be”, No. 3, 1929) and Brigada Khudozhnikov (“Brigade of Artists”, No. 5/6, 1931).  Since 1923 Dobrokovsky collaborated with the magazine Bezbozhnik u Stanka (“Atheist at the Machine”), where he worked with A. Deineka, D. Moor and M. Cheremnykh. After becoming friends with D. Moor and under his influence, Dobrokovsky became engaged in poster art. He created posters: Kaveh the blacksmith (1921), Song of the collective (1928) and We are going full steam ahead on the path from industrialization to Socialism (1931). In 1925 Dobrokovsky was awarded a gold medal and a diploma at the International exhibition of fine and decorative arts in Paris. In early 1930s he joined the Association of Book and Poster.  Dobrokovsky participated in exhibitions: the First state travelling exhibition of paintings (1925, Moscow, Saratov, Stalingrad, Novgorod, Kazan), the International exhibition of fine and decorative arts (1925, Paris), the First exhibition of graphic art (1926, Moscow), the International exhibition Art of the Book (1927, Leipzig, Nurnberg), the Exhibition of acquisitions of state commission of acquisitions of works of fine art (1928, Moscow), Modern book art at the international exhibition of press (1928, Cologne), Exhibitions of the Russian Art (1929, Winterthur, Switzerland), the second travelling exhibition (1930, Novgorod, Kazan, Sverdlovsk, Perm, Ufa, Samara, Saratov, Penza etc), the First exhibition of the group Oktyabr (“October”, 1930, Moscow), the Exhibition of the graphic art, drawing, poster and book (1930, Danzig), the exhibition Poster in the service of five-year plan (1932, Moscow), the exhibition Caricature in the service of the socialist formation (1932, Moscow) and others.  In early 1930s Dobrokovsky worked at the newspaper of one of the sections of the Communist International (Comintern), later at the newspaper Rulon (“The Roll”), at the wall newspaper of Ryazan tram depot and at the wall newspaper of faculty of philosophy at Moscow State University. He also worked on design of the Persian room of the Institute of Oriental Studies.  On the instructions of the newspaper Izvestia, Dobrokovsky worked as an artist on Kandopozhskaya wood-pulp factory in 1932. There he designed posters, drew caricatures, designed performances of the brigade.  In mid 1930s Dobrokovsky cooperated with the magazine Krokodil (“Crocodile”). At the same time he painted a series of landscapes of the city Kasimov.  In 1938 he was accused of espionage for the Polish counter-revolutionary espionage and terrorist organization. Dobrokovsky was shot at the Butovo firing ground. He was rehabilitated in October 1957.  Works by Mechislav Dobrokovsky are in many museum collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, and in private collections.
Tractor workshop on the Red
Year: 1924-1932 (?)
Genre: Graphics
Technique: Бумага, тушь, белила
Size: 24х42.5
Price on request
Illustration for the magazine "Atheist"
Year: 1920-е
Genre: Graphics
Technique: Бумага, тушь
Size: 38.5х26
Price on request
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